If you are unhappy with your smile because your gums appear too high or too low, your dentist may recommend that you undergo gum contouring. Also known as gingival sculpting, this dental solution refers to the process of reshaping the gum or gingival tissues around one’s teeth.
Uneven gums can be caused by a number of factors. The most common ones include genetics, health problems, and certain types of medications.
Gum recession can make one’s teeth appear longer because the gums rest too high. In this particular condition, the gum tissue is pulled back away from the tooth and the tooth’s root is exposed. Apart from the cosmetic effect of this condition, gum recession can also lead to different dental problems such as tooth loss and decay. Gum recession can indicate larger problems like gum disease in certain cases.
More About Gum Contouring
Experts in cosmetic oral surgery say that although gum contouring is generally considered a cosmetic procedure, this treatment can be an essential procedure that may be a necessary component of a periodontal procedure.
This procedure, performed by trained cosmetic oral surgeons, requires a variety of specialised tools and implements, including lasers, scalpels and radiosurgery.
If you are a candidate for this procedure, your dentist will explain to you how the process works. In most cases, dentists will use a pen to illustrate how much gum tissue needs to be added or removed.
Prior to undergoing the procedure, talk to your dentist about any possible side effects. For instance, there are some patients who are allergic to anaesthetics. There are also cases wherein some patients undergo relapse of gum tissue.
On the actual day of the surgery, the dentist will apply a local anaesthetic on the area to be treated. During the procedure, if needed, the dentist may also have to remove bone and the front portion of your tooth’s root.
After the gum contouring procedure, you will need to get plenty of rest and you will have to limit your physical activities. On average, recovery will take somewhere between a few days and weeks for the gums to fully heal. To help manage pain, you will also be prescribed to take some over-the-counter pain relievers. Lastly, you will be asked to eat only soft and cold foods for the first few days after the surgery.
About the Author:
Reginald Poe is a dental assistant currently taking up a formal course in orthodontics. He recommends reading more about cosmetic oral surgery on the website of Apa Aesthetic Dental & Cosmetic Centre.